Marian B. Wellington, Chairman
711 Elgin Road, Newtown Square, PA 19073-3202
610-353-1079; tweetymarian@yahoo.com


Do you understand the facts regarding a stroke for women? A stroke is a disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. It occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain either bursts, ruptures or is blocked by a clot. As a result, the brain cannot get the blood and nutrients it needs and the affected brain tissue begins to die. Stroke can cause weakness (paralysis), affect language and vision from the lack of blood flow to the part of the body it controls.

There are three types of stroke:

First, is Hemorrhagic “bleeding stroke” caused by ruptured blood vessels. Blood spills into the brain tissue.

Second is Ischemic which is caused by clots that block an artery. It is the most common type and accounts for 87% of all strokes.

Third, the transient ischemic attack (TIA) which is a “warning stroke”. The symptoms last a short time and stop because the blood clot is temporary, so it resolves itself and the symptoms disappear. It can occur days, weeks or months before a major stroke which usually happens within one year of the TIA.

The American Heart Association says a stroke can be prevented by knowing the four warning signs.

Women have the power to make a difference in their own lives by knowing their risk factors for a stroke and taking control and making small lifestyle changes.

An example: hypertension, which is the leading risk factor, can be controlled by eating a healthy diet, doing regular physical activity,
not smoking, and by taking prescribed medications. The American Heart Association identifies seven factors to control  ideal health
and reduce stroke risk.

“Life’s Simple 7” are:
be active; control cholesterol; eat a healthy diet; manage blood pressure; maintain a healthy weight; control blood sugar; don’t smoke.





Can you identify a person having a stroke
FAST is an easy way to remember the signs:
F stands for Face drooping- ask the person to smile          
A stands for Arm weakness - Ask the person to raise both arms
S stands for Speech difficulty - Ask the person to repeat a short sentence
T stands for time to call 911 or Tongue - Ask the person to stick out their tongue Does it go to the side?
Every stroke or TIA is a life-threatening emergency so diagnosing the stroke must be immediate. There is a clot-dissolving drug known as “ tPA” that if given within three to four and one half hours after the stroke starts, it can reduce the long-term disability. Time is critical, so get to the hospital quickly. With “tPA” a stroke can be treatable. 
Keeping a brain healthy can help reduce the risks for a stroke. Statistics have been  compiled by the American Stroke Association and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to help us understand the seriousness of a stroke. 
These statistics are: 
  1. A stroke happens every 40 seconds.

  2. Stroke is the number 3 cause of death in women and number 4 in men. 

    a.About 55,000 more women than men have strokes each year.
    b. Number of stroke deaths in one year are women 77,109; men 52,367.

  3. Americans who have had a previous stroke have a 1 in 4 chance to have another.

  4. A  new or recurrent stroke will affect 795,000 Americans this year with more than 129,000 deaths.
  5. Americans over 55 years old have more chance of strokes and the risk gets greater as a person ages.

  6. African Americans have the highest overall risk of stroke and death from stroke than any ethnic group. In part, this is because they have high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.

  7. Stroke is the leading cause of serious, long-term disability.  

Since strokes are 80% preventable, women should take these facts seriously.

Therefore, we should try to prevent a stroke by knowing our risk factors and changing our daily lifestyles so we can protect ourselves. 
A stroke is treatable if a person knows the signs, gets help immediately,  so tPA can be administered at the hospital. It is beatable by living a healthy lifestyle. 

Preventable + Treatable + Beatable = A Healthy Lifestyle for you

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